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关于保管费, 保管损违反,提交叉诉讼, 对冲,中人



  关于英国海上保管法1906到来说,设定了壹套最根本的流动程,被保管人向保管人顶付保费是突发任何损违反得到赔付的前提环境.

  In any claim by the assured on policy the insurer would be

  entitled to raise a defence of set-off in respect of unpaid

  premium.尽的到来说,关于任何索赔,保管人邑拥有权就不付保费片断主意冲顶.(但此雕刻是绳墨上的权利,要受还愿情景条约束)

  At common law the courts have consistently denied any set-off

  because common law set-off is confined to liquidated debts or money

  demands ascertainable with certainty at the time of

  pleading.普畅通法下法院会在此情景下否定普畅通法对冲,鉴于普畅通法对冲偏偏囿于于已清算决定的债额容许在债主意时任何却以确数额的资产.

  就而根据, a claim under an insurance policy is classified as an action

  for unliquidated damages for breach of

  contract.基于保单下提宗的索赔属于不决定伤害补养偿额范畴. 故此不能使用普畅通法对冲.

  Equitable set-off in contrast, is not so limited and requires

  only that the cross-claim be sufficiently connected to the primary

  claim. 衡平法对冲正相反,没拥有拥有此雕刻么囿于,它的使用条需寻求提交叉诉讼和首要诉讼拥有趾够近的联绕. 对此而言, a claim for

  unpaid premium would clearly impeach an action by the assured on

  the same

  policy,对不付保费到来说,对此片断的主意和被保管人基于保管索赔的主意同归于壹张保管单(提交叉诉讼和首要诉讼联绕亲稠密)

  条是无论是普畅通法对冲还是衡平法对冲,邑要满意壹个环境: Mutuality of capacity in which the

  parties incurred the opposing obligations. In marine insurace, this

  mutuality is absent where the risk is placed through a broker.

  即主意相反权利的当事方副方邑要拥有趾够的身份主意权利,在海上保管中,当经度过保管中人到来投保,副方之间鉴于他干为中介,缺乏了趾够的身份要件要寻求对冲.(同时它不单扫摒除使用劳动埃道德保管揪容例,对所拥有海上保管邑扫摒除)

  详细说辞是:Policies placed by a broker since the

  broker owes premuims as

  a principal but collects loss money as agent for the assured.

  经度过中人投保,中人是干为顶付保费的首要担负人(不是被保管人),而他又干为被保管人的代表人收受保管补养偿金.此雕刻两个工干不符错误等.

  故此在拥有保管中人的情景下,衡平法对冲也不使用.

  Where a marine policy is effected through a broker, unless

  otherwise agreed, the assured discharges his obligation to pay the

《关于保管费, 保管损违反,提交叉诉讼, 对冲,中人》

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